Current affairs programs essay
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Techniques Used In A Current Affair Program Essay
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Sixty Minutes. A Current Affair. Today Tonight. We like to see people’s lives. That’s why these shows succeed. They show us the good times and the bad. They bring people’s lives into our living rooms. But are these shows bringing us the honest truth? For example, the segment reported by Sixty Minutes, titled “The Lost Children”, tells the story of children who were sent to Australia for the opportunity of a so called “better life”. It would be there where they would be taken care of by the Christian Brothers. However it was in this “better life” that the children were forced to work as labourers and were molested, beaten and raped. Was the story twisting words? After all, we are all guilty of exaggerating occasionally. But was it an act, tailored to stir up our emotions by using sly, barely noticeable techniques that made us believe what they wanted us to believe? How can we notice things as simple as the sex of the presenter, or the choice of words when phrasing something? We think that we are being told the truth. However, this nearly seamless performance is about to be uncovered.
The structure in most current affairs shows are similar. It starts off with a presenter giving a rough introduction of the story, then goes to the actual story on location, with either a field reporter or a voice-over, sometimes both. The story goes through what happened or what is happening, and then talks to people that have been affected by it. These people usually provide the audience someone to identify with. The people affected can be seen as the victims. After talking to the victims, the story may cross over to whoever is to blame. After talking, or attempting to talk, to these people, the voice-over or presenter will conclude their part of the story, possibly discussing what is in the future for the victims.
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The story is then brought back to the presenter in the studio, where they say a couple of words reinforcing reaction of the audience to the victim’s tragic stories. Varying slightly from story to story, the bias in the segment is usually obvious, whether it may be because of uneven timing towards the victim and the person to blame, the use of emotive language or even the angle at which the footage was taken from.
By moving the camera in different ways, different effects can be achieved. For example, a close up of a person shows emotion, a shot taken from above a person can make the person look unimportant, unimpressive, afraid or small; while a view of someone from below can make them see tall, powerful or important. Many of these techniques are evident in the Lost Children segment, especially close-ups of people’s faces. This was used to show the viewers how the victims were on the verge of crying, raw emotions projected to television screens across Australia.
The first clue that the story had been carefully planned to make the audience see the story differently in the Lost Children segment was a subtle one. The presenter was an older male. This suggests authority, which was supported by his deep voice and broad shoulders. In media, female presenters tend to report on issues that are more emotional, so that more concern can be felt. With a male presenter, the aim is more on the wrong that has been done and is told fact by fact. The presenter was well groomed, well educated and articulate. The suit and tie gave the audience a sense that he could be trusted, which may not have been as obvious had he been wearing a T-shirt and mumbling. He was also expressive, but was not emotional. This made the presenter convincing, again reinforcing that he could be trusted. When introducing the story, the presenter sounded well-informed and confident, making him sound honest. However, it was not this presenter’s voice that was heard throughout the story.
The voice-over in stories reports what is happening, without having to focus on a person. This creates the opportunity to show clips of what is happening while listening to an explanation. The voice-over heard during the Lost Children story again spoken by a man. With a concerned voice, he described the entire ordeal of the children. He also spoke with large pauses, usually after something emotionally difficult to listen to had been said. These pauses are used to let strong feelings sink in. although he was dealing with a difficult topic, the voice-over was not emotional, but rather a more matter of fact style. However, the voice-over did provoke emotions, mainly because of its use of emotive language.
Emotive language is the substitution of a word by a different word that has either a negative or positive connotation. This can change something that was completely factual into something that has a very strong bias. This can sometimes be achieved by exaggerating something slightly, but not to the extent that it changes the total meaning. An example of this in the Lost Children segment is found in nearly every sentence. For example, at one point the voice-over said, “The children had to do hard labour in the sweltering heat.” This sentence has negative connotations. It conjures up images of slave labour in desert like conditions. The fact is that although the sentence said nothing about slaves or deserts, that is what we think of. This can be used throughout an entire show, and is not considered lying. It can be, however, very misleading.
Another aspect of television current affairs programs misleading their viewers is how they select the content that they screen. This can be something from letting one person talk for a couple more minutes than another, to not letting the other person talk at all. In the Lost Children segment, the victims of child molestation and labour were given approximately ten minutes each to talk to their ordeal, even more for others. However, when talking to the Christian Brothers and Philip Ruddock, only five minutes were allocated. Even then, the reporter continued to interrupt them. The actual people accused were not even interviewed. One of the victims, Mary Malloy, received approximately twenty minutes, more air time than anyone else.
As a child, Mary Malloy was told that her parent had died and that she was an orphan. This was told to all of the children in the care of the Christian Brothers. During the show, she is not only told that her mother is alive, but also gets to meet her. This all happens as the camera is running. However, the only actual point of showing this to an audience is to provoke emotions, which it did very well. There is no need or relevance to show the reunion of the two. The segment was supposed to be about the mistreating of children in the care of the Christian Brothers. This selection of content makes the audience feel sympathetic towards both Mary Malloy and her mother, which in turn makes the audience feel even more unsympathetic towards the Christian Brothers.
People will continue to watch current affairs programs such as Sixty Minutes and Today Tonight. They will even continue to take what they see as the truth, even though we know that producers of show like the ones mentioned do use techniques like using emotive language, camera tricks and bias selection of content. However, by learning about all of the techniques they can use, we may be able to sort out what they’re saying, so that we can clearly see what is fact and what is not. The techniques they use are not necessarily lies, but they do provoke emotions that would not be evident if they were purely factual. By knowing the techniques, we can challenge the age-old saying that the camera doesn’t lie.
Current Affairs 2018
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The value of Current Affairs in Civil Service Examinations is enormous. This is the most critical part of both Prelims and Mains Exam. Aspirants should study in depth to understand the significance of current affairs for the Union Public Service Commission. In fact, all the questions in Civil Service Exams are framed around current affairs. Questions are not asked directly for current news and information in the exam. Questions are framed by combining current affairs with practical knowledge. The primary motive behind this type of strategy is to check the ability of correlation a candidate can make to the fact.
Why current affairs is more important in Civil Service Exam?
Success in Prelims and Mains Exam is directly related to an aspirant’s awareness in current affairs. Preparation of current affairs for UPSC is the key to unlock the exam. It requires practice and revision in a well-connected manner.
In such a scenario the preparation of current affairs topics related to India and the world is an important part of your preparations. The students have to be aware of the happening in India and around the world as this portion is an integral part of the general studies paper.
In order to make you ready for the challenges of the Current Affairs preparation, we are covering the current affairs topics on a regular basis.
Our current topics are categorised in such a way that it includes; political affairs, current news, science news, general knowledge, government’s scheme and policies and international affairs.
We provide you comprehensive topics of preparation that covers not only India’s current scenario but also international events. We also cover Indian news headlines and other important international events under the current affairs segment.
For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is current news and views in India, we are covering the current affairs 2018 on a regular basis. Our hot topics are categorised such that they include political affairs, current news, science news, general knowledge, current government affairs and international affairs. Only studying India’s current scenario or political affairs is not sufficient as you have to cover international events and affairs along with the Indian news space, as well as important and current events in the field of science and sports.
Current affairs books and magazine
Current Affairs November 11 to November 17
International Current News
- World War I: A Statue commemorating role of Indian soldiers in World War I unveiled in France. For the first time in France A new statue commemorating the role of Indian soldiers in World War One was unveiled. The occasion was done to mark Armistice Day when the war ended in 1918. The seven-foot bronze statue in the town of Laventie commemorates over 4,700 soldiers and labourers from British India who lost their lives on the Western Front during World War I and have no known graves. The site in Laventie was chosen after the remains of two soldiers were identified as belonging to the 39th Royal Garhwal Rifles and reburied with military honours last year. Col (retd) Deepak Dahiya, who served for 23 years in the Indian Army and is now based in Paris, said this marks the commencement of a project to establish 57 such statues near all cemeteries where Indian soldiers lie buried in France.
- United Kingdom: It is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, is an island nation in northwestern Europe. England – birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles – is home to the capital, London, a globally influential centre of finance and culture. India and the UK signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for collaboration in cancer research, the Ministry of Science and Technology. The pact between the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) and the Cancer Research UK (CRUK) for the India-UK Cancer Research Initiative was signed here for collaboration for the next five years. Both CRUK and DBT will invest five million pounds each in this five-year pilot project, and seek further investment from other potential funding partners. The India-UK Cancer Research Initiative will identify a core set of research challenges that address issues of affordability, prevention and care of cancer patients by bringing together leading Indian and UK experts in clinical research, demographic research, new technologies and physical sciences, the statement said. «The initiative will provide funding to develop new research alliances and undertake impactful research to enable significant progress against cancer outcomes,» the statement added.
National Current News
- National Data Repository: It is a data storage initiative which collects reliable exploration and production data for India with provisions for seamless access and on-line data management. The aim of the repository is to validate, store, maintain and reproduce high quality and reliable geoscientific data. Facilitate efficient data reporting, data exchange, and data trading among existing players including all geoscientific agencies. National Data Repository is equipped with cutting edge technology and provides ready access to interested companies. The Government has also brought out various others policy reforms including such as Coal Bed Methane policy, incentivize Enhanced Recovery for augmenting production of oil and gas from matured fields, exploration and exploitation of unconventional hydrocarbon from all fields.
- Supreme Court: The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of judicial review. Consisting of the Chief Justice of India and a maximum of 30 other judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions. The Supreme Court has upheld the “presumption” that a couple who live together as husband and wife are legally married and the woman can claim maintenance under Section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure. A Bench of Justices R. Banumathi and Indira Banerjee observed that it is “fairly well settled that the law presumes in favour of marriage and against concubinage when a man and woman have cohabited continuously for a number of years”. Citing past judgments of the apex court, the Bench quoted that “where a man, who lived with a woman for a long time and even though they may not have undergone legal necessities of a valid marriage, should be made liable to pay the woman maintenance if he deserts her”.
- Artillery Gun: It is a heavy military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry’s small arms. Early artillery development focused on the ability to breach fortifications, and led to heavy, fairly immobile siege engines. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has inducted three major artillery gun systems, including the M777 American Ultra Light Howitzers and the K-9 Vajra, into the Army. The third gun system inducted is the ‘Composite Gun Towing Vehicle’ for towing some of the existing guns in service with the country, while K-9 Vajra is a self-propelled artillery gun. The induction ceremony comes ahead of establishing the first regiment — each comprising of about 18 guns — of the M777s and the Vajra by around mid next year, an official said. For procuring 145 M777s, India in November 2016 had entered into a contract with the United States under the Foreign Military Sales programme for Rs. 5,070 crore. The M777s, which have been used in operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, can be easily transported to high altitude areas by helicopters.
- Whatsapp: WhatsApp is a freeware and cross-platform messaging and Voice over IP service owned by Facebook. The application allows the sending of text messages and voice calls, as well as video calls, images and other media, documents, and user location. WhatsApp has announced that it has selected 20 research teams to curb fake news. The teams include experts from India and those of Indian origin — who will work towards how misinformation spreads and what additional steps the mobile messaging platform could take to curb fake news. Each of the 20 research teams will receive up to $50,000 (roughly Rs. 36,30,300) for their project (for a total of $1 million).
Sports Current News
- Bajrang Punia: He is a Indian Wrestler who becames World No 1 in 65 Kg category. The 24-year-old Bajrang was placed atop the ranking table with 96 points in the United World Wrestling (UWW) list. Bajrang has won five medals this season, including Common Wealth Games and the Asian Games gold and a silver at the World Championship in Budapest. Bajrang was also the only Indian grappler to be given a seeding at the Budapest World Championship. Cuba’s Alejandro Enrique Vlades Tobier is a distant second with 66 points. Russia’s Akhmed Chakaev is in third place. Interestingly, Bajrang is the lone male Indian to figure in top-10 but the country has five female wrestlers who are in top-10 bracket in their respective categories. They are Pooja Dhanda, Ritu Phogat, Sarita Mor, Navjot Kaur and Kiran.
Science and Technology Current News
- Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) : It is a public engineering institute located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. As one of the Indian Institutes of Technology, it is recognised as an Institute of National Importance. has developed a portable solar-powered cold storage device with a 500 kg capacity for storing vegetables, and fruits, among other items. The device will help farmers store their produce for sufficient time so that it does not get spoilt before it is sold, thereby preventing wastage of agricultural produce. The first unit of the device, which provides storage facility with temperature ranging between four and 10 degree celsius, was deployed at a farm in Madurantakam in Kancheepuram district, around 80 km from Chennai.
- SpiNNaker: It is the world’s largest supercomputer designed to work in the same way as the human brain has been switched on for the first time. The Spiking Neural Network Architecture machine is capable of completing more than 200 million million actions per second, with each of its chips having 100 million transistors. SpiNNaker, built at the University of Manchester in the U. K., can model more biological neurons. Biological neurons are basic brain cells present in the nervous system that communicate by emitting ‘spikes’ of pure electro-chemical energy. It is unique as it mimics the massively parallel communication architecture of the brain, sending billions of small amounts of information simultaneously to thousands of different destinations. SpiNNaker completely re-thinks the way conventional computers work.
- GSAT 29: It is the newest communication satellite launched Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is was launched into orbit on the GSLV-MkIII D2’s second developmental flight from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR), Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. At exactly 5.08 pm, the GSLV-Mk III rocket began fly from the second launchpad in Sriharikota. The MkIII, in its second developmental test launch before its carries Indian astronauts to space, launched the GSAT-29 satellite into Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO). The satellite will then be positioned in Earth’s Geostationary Orbit (GEO) using thrusters, at an altitude of 207 kilometres above ground
- UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation programme: It is an award, which recognizes the efforts of private individuals and organizations that have successfully conserved structures and buildings of heritage value in the region. Restoration of an aristocratic house from a state of partial ruin in Ladakh has won a UNESCO Asia-Pacific award for conservation. While the Ladakh project won in the category of Award of Distinction under the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation, rejuvenation of a university clock tower and a fountain in Mumbai have jointly received Honourable Mention, along with a project in China. The LAMO Center in Jammu and Kashmir’s Ladakh region was chosen for its systematic restoration project that used salvaged and local building materials, and indigenous construction techniques while adroitly introducing modern amenities to assure its ongoing use, UNESCO Bangkok said in a statement. «The recovery of the aristocratic house from a state of partial ruin establishes an important precedent for conserving the non-monumental urban fabric of Leh Old Town,» it said. In its citation for the award for the Ladakh project, the jury said, «A dynamic programme of arts activities enlivens its space for the benefit of both local residents and visitors.»
- Global Cooling Prize: It is a prize launched by Union Environment Ministry. Prize which is set in international standards, aims to encourage the development of a residential cooling technology which impacts the environment five times lesser than the standard Room Air Conditioning (RAC). Besides, it encourages participants from worldwide to innovate technology to rapidly lessen the harmful impact of cooling technology on climate. The key objective of the competition is to develop climate-friendly residential cooling solutions which would provide an access to cooling without increasing to global warming. The desired technology could prevent up to 100 gigatons (GT) of CO2- equivalent emissions by 2050.
- Annual Refresher Programme In Teaching (ARPIT):It is a new scheme launched by Human Resource Development. It aims to empowering the teaching faculty. Committed teachers will develop confidence and competence and must become effective communicators so that they can spread knowledge like the rays of the sun. Combining the qualities of a good teacher and an effective leader is still more daunting task but not an impossible task.
- Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP) : It is a new scheme launched by Ministry of Human Resource Development. It is aimed to transform quality of teaching and improve leaders, thereby enhancing the quality of higher education institutions. LEAP will help in creating better higher education leaders of tomorrow. He appealed to all faculties in higher education to take benefit of these two initiatives.
- Multi-modal terminal Project: It is first of the four multi-modal terminals being constructed on the National Waterway-1 (river Ganga) as part of the World Bank-aided Jal Marg Vikas project of the Inland Waterways Authority of India. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated India’s first multi-modal terminal on the Ganga river in his parliamentary constituency and received the country’s first container cargo transported on inland waterways from Kolkata. The objective of the project is to promote inland waterways as a cheap and environment-friendly means of transportation, especially for cargo movement. The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) is the project implementing agency. The project entails construction of three multi-modal terminals (Varanasi, Sahibganj and Haldia), two inter-modal terminals, five roll-on-roll-off (Ro-Ro) terminal pairs, new navigation lock at Farakka in West Bengal, assured depth dredging, integrated vessel repair and maintenance facility, differential global positioning system (DGPS), river information system (RIS), river training. The total estimated cost of the project is Rs 5,369.18 crore, which will be equally shared between the Government of India and the World Bank. Earlier, upon his arrival here, the prime minister was given a detailed presentation of the waterways and watched a short film on the viability of the waterways between Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh and Haldia in West Bengal.
- Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme: It is a new scheme launched National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) for young men to cooperative business ventures. NCDC has created a dedicated fund with liberal features enabling youth to avail the scheme. The newly launched scheme would encourage cooperatives to venture into new and innovative areas. The scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF)’ created by the NCDC. It would have more incentives for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD members. The funding for the project will be up to 80% of the project cost for these special categories as against 70% for others. The scheme envisages 2% less than the applicable rate of interest on term loan for the project cost up to Rs 3 crore including 2 years moratorium on payment of principal. All types of cooperatives in operation for at least one year are eligible.
- Dredging Corporation of India Limited(DCI): It is a Indian public sector unit engaged in the business of dredging. DCI does dredging for Indian seaports exclusively. It occasionally dredges at foreign seaports in countries such as Sri Lanka, Taiwan and Dubai. It is mainly involved in maintenance dredging. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has given ‘in principle’ approval for strategic disinvestment of 100 per cent, Government of India’s shares in DCIL to consortium of four ports namely, Vishakhapatnam Port Trust, Paradeep Port Trust, Jawahar Lal Nehru Port Trust and Kandla Port Trust. Presently the Government of India holds 73.44 % shares in Dredging Corporation of India Limited. The approval will further facilitate the linkage of dredging activities with the ports, keeping in view the role of the DCIL in expansion of dredging activity in the country as well as potential scope for diversification of ports into third party dredging. The co-sharing of facilities between the company as well as ports shall lead to savings for ports. This would further provide opportunities for larger investment in DCIL as integration with ports shall help ineffective vertical linkage in the value chain.
- IndusInd Bank: It is a Mumbai based Indian new generation bank, established in 1994. The bank offers commercial, transactional and electronic banking products and services. IndusInd Bank has announced the launch of IndusInd Bank Nexxt Credit Card, which empowers customers with a choice of payment options such as EMI, Reward Points or Credit at the push of a button, on the card, at the point of sale (POS). The bank claims it to be the nation’s first interactive credit card with buttons. According to the bank, this card provides customers with the flexibility of 3 payment options at a POS terminal — Credit, Converting Transactions into EMIs with 4 tenure options (6, 12, 18 & 24 months) or using accumulated Reward Points, by simply pushing a button on the card. The card has been created in partnership with Dynamics Inc, which is headquartered in Pittsburgh USA, and designs and manufactures intelligent, battery powered payment cards.